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St. Mary’s College Professor ofHistoryCharles Holden published two articles over the 2017-18 academic year. “Prominent Men Badly Beaten: The Baltimore Pro-War Riot of 1917,” was published in the Fall/Winter 2018 issue ofMaryland Historical Magazine. The article describes a riot that broke out in Baltimore in April 1917 as the U.S. entered World War I. The unrest highlighted a contentious debate between those who, even in a time of war, defended First Amendment rights to dissent and those who pushed a narrower, more reactionary brand of American nationalism.

“Manliness and the Culture of Self-Improvement: The University of North Carolina in the 1890s-1900s,”was published in the February 2018 issue ofHistory of Higher Education Quarterly.That article looks at the inclusion of the development of masculinity as a core principle of UNC’s rise as a modern university in the 1890s and early 1900s. Surprisingly, university leaders did not insist on any particular model of masculinity for their nearly all-male student body. Rather, they encouraged students to combine Victorian manhood with a newer emphasis on physical strength.