By: Michael Bruckler, St. Mary’s College of Maryland

Asst. Prof. Howansky Published in “Social Psychological and Personality Science”

Assistant Professor ofPsychologyKristina Howansky was recently published in the journal “Social Psychological and Personality Science.”

With “Seeing Gender: Perceptual Representations of Transgender Individuals,” Howansky uses novel paradigms (i.e., facial morphing, avatar generation), to demonstrate that people perceptually represent an individual labeled as transgender as less gender-typical than the same individual without the transgender label.

Moreover, Howansky and her co-authors established that representing a transgender woman as less gender-typical was associated with the extent to which people felt comfortable with her using the women’s restroom and representing herself according to her gender identity.

Given that many policy issues surrounding transgender individuals are contingent on how transgender people are categorized, this work suggests that being perceived as less gender-typical may be one more hurdle transgender individuals face in their struggle to be recognized in accordance with their gender identities.   

The full article can be found here.

Assistant Librarian Conrad Helms Published in the Journal of Access Services

Conrad Helms, assistant librarian, has published a journal article, “Eliminating overdue fines for undergraduates: A six-year review,” in the Journal of Access Services.

Effective for the 2012–2013 academic year, the Hilda C. Landers Library at St. Mary’s College of Maryland eliminated daily overdue fines for undergraduates on books and some other materials.

In 2019, nine years of comprehensive data on overdue returns (comprising three years before and three years after the change) was extracted examined to see if there were any changes in overdue behavior. The results show that immediately following the elimination of daily overdue fines for undergraduates, there was a marked increase in both the overdue rate and the length of overdue for books.

However, this did not hold for SMCM-owned materials loaned to undergraduates at other institutions, and there were mixed results for undergraduate loans for some non-book SMCM-owned materials and Interlibrary Loan.

If you are interested in reading the full article, email

David M. Higgins II, Publisher/Editor

David M. Higgins was born in Baltimore and grew up in Southern Maryland. He has had a passion for journalism since high school. After spending many years in the Hospitality Industry he began working in...