Jan Tomáš Forman18 February 1932 – 13 April 2018), known asMiloš Forman, was aCzechAmericanfilm director, screenwriter, actor, and professor, who until 1968 lived and worked primarily in formerCzechoslovakia.

Forman was one of the most important directors of theCzechoslovak New Wave. His 1967 filmThe Fireman’s Ball, on the surface a naturalistic representation of an ill-fated social event in a provincial town, was seen by both movie scholars and authorities in Czechoslovakia as a biting satire on Eastern European Communism, resulting in it being banned for many years in Forman’s home country.

Since Forman left Czechoslovakia, two of his films,One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s NestandAmadeus, have acquired particular renown, each of which gained him anAcademy Award for Best Director.One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nestwas the second film to win all five major Academy Awards (Best Picture, Actor in Leading Role, Actress in Leading Role, Director, and Screenplay) followingIt Happened One Nightin 1934, an accomplishment not repeated until 1991 byThe Silence of the Lambs. Forman was also nominated for a Best Director Oscar forThe People vs. Larry Flynt. He also wonGolden Globe,Cannes,Berlinale,BAFTA,Cesar,David di Donatello,European Film Academy, andCzech Lionawards.

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